Adjuvant Palbociclib for ER+ Breast Cancer (PALLAS Trial (ABCSG-42/AFT-05/PrE0109/BIG-14-13): A Preplanned Analysis of the Stage IIA Cohort

Background: CDK4/6 inhibitors have become standard of care for advanced hormone receptor positive, HER2-negative (HR+/HER2-) breast cancer in combination with endocrine therapy (ET), with one approved for high-risk patients (pts) in the adjuvant setting. The PALLAS Trial investigated the addition of palbociclib to adjuvant ET in pts with stage II-III breast cancer. Stage IIA patients were specifically enrolled to evaluate the potential benefit of using palbociclib with adjuvant ET pts diagnosed at lower risk who may have more indolent disease.

Conclusions: In this preplanned analysis of the stage IIA cohort of the PALLAS trial, the addition of adjuvant palbociclib to standard ET did not improve outcomes over ET alone, suggesting no benefit from the agent in reducing the incidence of early relapse in pts with lower-stage HR+/HER2- breast cancer. Future analyses will incorporate genomic risk and other molecular patterns from the extensive transPALLAS correlative program. Additional follow-up (10-year minimum) is also underway to assess the impact of palbociclib exposure on late recurrence in HR+ disease. Clinical trial information: NCT02513394.